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What The Fcuk Is Inequality (And If It Is, Is It Bad)?

Inequality is the topic of at times fierce political struggles and long-standing ideological oppositions. Lefties and progressives tend to frame it as a problem, liberals and conservatives don’t. The former demand equality, the latter caution against it. The former think it is bad, historically recent and unjust, the latter claim it is good, eternal, and just, a result of meritocracy. However, also progressives at times … What The Fcuk Is Inequality (And If It Is, Is It Bad)? weiterlesen

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Working hours, the first 12000 years: the historical decline of free time

According to a common view our lives have become easier over the past centuries. Whereas pre-modern people were burdened by the harsh conditions of agricultural society, our modern technological societies supposedly have brought us not only astonishing wealth but also leisure. We call this „progress.“ But the view is false. A good case can be made that the answer to the question whether a modern … Working hours, the first 12000 years: the historical decline of free time weiterlesen

What The Fcuk Is Work (And Who Needs It)? Part 1

People usually believe that all humans across history have worked, that work is a transhistoric anthropological constant. Work is the essence of being human. Everybody needs work. A quick look at the historical record shows that this is either trivial or false. Work is the invention of capitalism, which also raised working hours to a level never known before. By Daniel Plenge “It is as … What The Fcuk Is Work (And Who Needs It)? Part 1 weiterlesen

What The Fcuk Is Value (And Its Politics)? Part I

An old question has recently been put on the agenda of academic and public thought again: the question of value that had occupied great minds from Aristotle to Smith and Marx long ago, before it got lost. Those who want to debate it again are heterodox economists who believe that answers to such questions make a difference in real-world politics. But what was that debate … What The Fcuk Is Value (And Its Politics)? Part I weiterlesen