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Working hours, the first 12000 years: the historical decline of free time

According to a common view our lives have become easier over the past centuries. Whereas pre-modern people were burdened by the harsh conditions of agricultural society, our modern technological societies supposedly have brought us not only astonishing wealth but also leisure. We call this „progress.“ But the view is false. A good case can be made that the answer to the question whether a modern … Working hours, the first 12000 years: the historical decline of free time weiterlesen

What The Fcuk Is Work (And Who Needs It)? Part 1

People usually believe that all humans across history have worked, that work is a transhistoric anthropological constant. Work is the essence of being human. Everybody needs work. A quick look at the historical record shows that this is either trivial or false. Work is the invention of capitalism, which also raised working hours to a level never known before. By Daniel Plenge “It is as … What The Fcuk Is Work (And Who Needs It)? Part 1 weiterlesen